George Curzon said that the great powers were still committed to the Organic Settlement Agreement, which concerned governance and non-interference in the affairs of the Maronite, Orthodox Christian, Druze and Muslim communities in relation to the Beirut Vilayet of June 1861 and September 1864, adding that the rights granted to the France in present-day modern Syria and in parts of Turkey under Sykes-Picot are incompatible with this agreement.  This is an obvious lesson, but it is regularly ignored. The current diplomatic efforts to end the Syrian conflict are a typical example. The first international attempt to resolve the current Syrian conflict was a meeting of the Syria Action Group on September 30. The statement said that the Syrian people should determine the future of the country, but also took precedence over possible decisions by advocating, among other things, the unity of Syria, democratic principles and the full inclusion of women – principles obvious to the participants in such an assembly, but not what many Syrian organizations involved in the conflict, would have chosen or would probably accept. In January 2014, when the Geneva Communiqué had no impact on events in Syria and war was still raging, a conference known as Geneva II was convened under the auspices of the United Nations after Russia and the United States pledged to bring together “all Syrian parties” to implement the Geneva Communiqué. In part, they survived because international borders were frozen by the great powers, especially during the Cold War. Since wars of conquest are no longer part of normal relations between countries, the new states destabilize the status quo, which is likely to lead to conflicts, and usually a nuisance that other states prefer to avoid. With rare exceptions, only those who demand it directly advocate the formation of new States, while the international system is hostile to it. The agreement was drafted and negotiated by the countries` diplomats in the coming months and signed by the Allies between August 18 and September 26, 1917. Russia was not represented in this agreement because the Tsarist regime was in the midst of a revolution. The lack of Russian approval of the Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne Agreement was then used by the British at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference to invalidate it, a position that greatly enraged the Italian government.  In 1915-16, Sir Mark Sykes of the British Ministry of War and François Georges-Picot, French consul in Beirut, negotiated a secret agreement to divide the Asian provinces of the Ottoman Empire into areas of direct and indirect British and French control after World War I. . On September 15, the British distributed an aide-memoire (which had been discussed privately between Lloyd George and Clemenceau two days earlier ), in which the British would withdraw their troops to Palestine and Mesopotamia and hand over Damascus, Homs, Hama and Aleppo to Faisal`s troops. .