La formazione dello Stato come processo di secolarizzazione


Publisher: Morcelliana
Pages: 74
Price: €10

by Stefano Fontana

The great German jurist Böchenförde is most widely known for his sentence: «The liberal, secular state lives on normative presuppositions that it itself cannot guarantee». We believe that this is  illuminating sentence can be extended, in line with Schumpeter’s view, to capitalism that destroys values that is cannot rebuild, and to democracy that is founded, as Maritain said, contrary to Kelsen’s view, on non-democratic values, meaning that they were to be voted on democracy would die. Böchenförde’s sentence is one of those that proclaim the importance of the unconditional in the social construction. The abovementioned sentence is included in the work La formazione dello Stato come processo di secolarizzazione [The Rise of the State as a Process of Secularization] published in Germany in 1967 which is the first of the two books we are reviewing. The same work is included in the second book, published by Edizioni Laterza, together with other works that cover quite a wide time span, from 1964 to 1999. Therefore the theme of secularization becomes intertwined with that of globalization. The State originates from secularization, however, the more it becomes secular, the more it becomes weak because it reduces the scope of the unconditional. This is the problem of globalization which, according to the Author, produces the irreversible crisis of the “political autonomy”. The theory of Böchenförde provided the basis for the famous public debate between Joseph Ratzinger and Jurgen Habermas which took place in Munich in 2004.